Divorce was, of course, not all that common, though it did happen. The social role of the wife in Ancient Egypt was exceptionally high in comparison to many other cultures. The family. Wealthy families wore linens that were very soft, while poorer families only had enough money for rougher fabrics. Women were allowed to participate in business and could help run the household with their husbands. Theme: Bushwick by James Dinsdale. Marriage and family life was very important to the ancient Egyptians. Fun Facts about Ancient Egyptian Daily Life. Marriage in ancient Egypt was very different than we have today. SESSION 1: Marriage and the Family. Both man and wife could own land, though the husband usually took care of it. Eight hundred years after Moses led the Exodus, Jews had returned to Egypt. They used to believe that they were blessed with their little kids. They had large number of children because a large number of children died before they grew up because of the really short life spans at that time. Peasant-class men would typically only have one wife but the pharaohs would frequently have several. The husband usually had a senior or chief wifewho was considered higher than the other ones. Please support Savvy Leo by emailing or sharing this article! Men in Egypt carry loads on their head, women on their shoulder. Adults would usually wear wigs so that their hair was always in the latest style. Even though this was the case, they were still expected to obey the men in their life. Family Life: Most ancient Egyptian families consisted of a mother, father and four to five children. The ancient Egyptian terms for marriage (meni, “to moor [a boat],” and grg pr, “to found a house”) convey the sense that the arrangement was about property. In a few ways what you have described here about ancient Egyptian everyday lives reminds me somewhat of the lives of people living in Europe during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries (the roles of women at least). Texts indicate that the groom often gave the bride’s family a gift, and he also gave his wife presents. Divorce among ancient Egyptians was uncommon but not unheard of, with the reason behind the divorce typically being bad treatment by the husband of his wife. Generally, Ancient Egyptians have married inside their social classes. Egypt had the highest birth rate in the ancient world. Their f amilies ate their breakfast and dinner with each other each and every day. First of all, they were much younger when they got married. Family life was very important to Ancient Egyptians. Compare that to the Western way of things, and women were to blame for a couple not being able to have children. The Ptolemaic dynasty, sometimes also known as the Lagids or Lagidae, was a Macedonian Greek royal family, which ruled the Ptolemaic Kingdom in Egypt during the Hellenistic period. Most Egyptians lived in families with a mother and a father and children, just as many people do today. Ancient Egyptian Slaves We might be shocked to think of slavery today, but in the time of ancient Egyptian slaves is was a common practice in many cultures and countries. Marriage and family life was very important to the ancient Egyptians. The children of the family were mostly raised by the wife in the peasant class, but the wealthy and nobility were able to hire servants to take care of the family’s children. They established a system where the girls would learn from their mother how to be a wife and a mother while the boys would their future profession from their father to earn money and provide for his family. Everyone ate well in ancient Egypt. Family life was very important to Ancient Egyptians. Home Daily Life ... and taking care of pets. These contracts also said that anything the wife brought to the marriage would always belong to her, even if the marriage ended. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'savvyleo_com-leader-1','ezslot_7',123,'0','0']));Men wore their clothing in a kilt, with younger men preferring shorter versions and older men going for longer ones. The construction of a family was really important and even essential during life in ancient Egypt as most of the marriages were arranged by parents and the girls were usually married at the age of 12 and the boys at the age of 15. So I was a little surprised when the average was 12, but in retrospect, these people generally did not have a long lifespan (in today’s standards), and it would make sense to marry young and start a family before one is considered old in this context. When it came to entertainment, Egyptians enjoyed participating in many different festivals. The wealthy and noble family, however, used to take the help of slaves and servants to raise their children. The girls would get the household items and any jewelry.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'savvyleo_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_6',107,'0','0'])); If, however, there were no boys in the family, the daughters would receive everything. Our knowledge of life in ancient Egypt is derived chiefly from the reliefs and contents of the tombs of the nobles at Giza, Saqqara and Luxor. Children were taught to be kind and honest, to respect their parents, to help with the family business, and to care for the elder members of their family. What was family life like in ancient Egypt? These festivals were usually held to honor the gods. The Egyptians appear to have reversed the ordinary practices of mankind. The mother stayed home and raised the children. I honestly had no idea how old these people were when they got married. What also surprised me was that adoption was also a possibility for families who could not conceive. Children were considered to be blessings from the gods, which meant that their families took exceptionally good care of them. They did not, however, get to choose who they would marry.eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'savvyleo_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_2',104,'0','0'])); Most marriages were arranged by the parents of the boy and girl. Egyptian boys would be taught the same craft or trade that their father did when they were young. Ancient Egypt Museum. The system of writing used in ancient Egypt was Hieroglyphic writing. Family life was important to Egyptians. Most Ancient Egyptian family structures were monogamous, all aside the exception of the pharaoh, who’s reason was most likely to ensure a heir to the throne. Ancient Egypt: Family Life (Ancient Egypt) In most cases she was considered equal to her husband. Children were taught to be kind and honest, to respect their parents, to help with the family business, and to care for the elder members of their family. That was because so many children diedbefore they grew up. They still, however, had to defer to pharaoh in all cases.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'savvyleo_com-banner-1','ezslot_4',106,'0','0'])); Egyptian wives were respected and often ran businesses and farms in the case of their husband’s death or if they were away. Both men and women had the right to own and sell property, make contracts, marry and divorce, receive inheritance, and pursue legal disputes in court. Clothing did not change very much over the entire length of time that the empire was in power. Some women also worked as dancers, singers, or musicians. Were men in the peasant class legally not allowed to have more than one wife or was the reason for this that they could not afford the extra costs that come with more wives and children. They were the last dynasty of ancient Egypt. If a couple could not have a child, they adopted a child. On the other hand, wealthy girls would usually get to get married when they were a bit older. In ancient Egyptian society, mothers and wives were highly valued. Family was important in ancient Egypt, and family life began early for the ancient Egyptians. Women even became pharaohs. The ancient Egyptians defined roles sharply for small children, prepubescent kids, and adults with full responsibilities to society. I think it’s very interesting that you looked into some of the social aspects of Ancient Egypt, such as their family life and structure. Ancient Egyptians also enjoyed fishing and traveling on boats on the Nile. However, most women stayed home to cook, sew and clean. When it came to fashion for children, young girls usually wore their hair in pigtails, while boys would usually have their heads shaved except for one long lock of hair that would be braided. Girls would marry around age 12, their husbands only being a few years older, and most marriages were arranged. It was important that children learn to … Peasant girls would usually get married around the age of 12, with peasant boys only being a little bit older. Divorce among ancient Egyptians was uncommon but not unheard of, with the reason behind the … The largest difference between ancient Egyptian marriage and the Western traditions is that a man could only have one wife (that didn’t stop them from having mistresses on the side). But an ancient Egyptian family often had five or more children. Ancient Egyptians placed high value on their family life. Ancient Egyptian villages were crowded. There was no formal marriage, the parents simply agreed that their children should be together and so the two children ‘start a new house’ together. It was dated back 3000 BC. Due to the extreme heat in the summertime, children usually didn’t wear any clothing. The mother is primarily responsible for managing the household and is the primary care-giver of the children. I wonder what type of people would give up their children in ancient Egypt, if I had to guess, it would be the poor who could not afford many children. Click on the small pictures One bright morning in ancient Egypt, a nobleman woke up in a bed covered in fine linen sheets.. The people of Ancient Egypt chose various professions like farmers, artisans, scribes, architects, etc. If the family was wealthy, boys would be sent to school around the age of seven. However, upon the death of the parents, the son in the family inherited the land while the daughter would inherit household items such as furniture. Throughout Egypt, the family remains the most important link in the social chain. During these times, no one worked. Children were the heart of the family. In ancient Egypt, children were the heart of the family. In poor families, the mother would take care of the children, while in wealthier families would have nannies and maids to help raise the children. This agreement would usually include a stipulation that the new wife would get an allowance from her new husband. Parents arranged their children’s marriages. Peasant-class men would typically only have one wife but the pharaohs would frequently have several. Facts about Ancient Egyptian Life 8: Hieroglyphic writing. However, I am curious to know whether other ancient societies in this time period allowed adoption for infertile couples. If a couple could not have a child, they adopted a child. The things women had to do for the family was prepared the food, take care of the children, and make the clothing. Girls would usually learn a craft or trade from their mother. Although divorce existed in ancient Egypt, it was rare because of the Egyptians' commitment to the sanctity of the f… A Family on Elephantine Island, Egypt Fifth Century B.C.E. There was a large variety of jobs in Ancient Egypt. Proudly powered by WordPress. Jewish Life in Ancient Egypt: A Family Archive from the Nile Valley tells the story of Ananiah, a Jewish temple official, and his wife, Tamut, an Egyptian slave. Girls did not usually receive any formal schooling, though some did learn to read and write. They are affectionate about their children. They provide a rich saga of the daily lives of wealthy families … Ancient Egyptian FamilyThe Egyptians highly valued marriage and family. The family is the center of social organization. Girls would marry at the age of 12 and boys from about the age of 14. Children were a very important part of the family and were viewed as a gift. There were obvious differences in the standard of living which then determined the type of house, clothing, food and servants or slaves. I do appreciate that divorce was an option if the husband was mistreating his wife, and that women weren’t seen as property. The bread the Egyptians ate was so rough that it caused their teeth to wear away. Of the Ancient Egyptians By Jessica Bautista Daily Life Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. He opened his eyes and looked around his bedroom. The pharaoh was the head of the legal system. Women usually married at … If a couple was unable to have children of their own, adoption was an option. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Role of the wife. Unlike lots of ancient societies, women in Ancient Egypt were given the same level of equality to men. Ptolemy, one of the seven somatophylakes of Macedon who served as Alexander the Great's generals and deputies, was appointed satrap of Egypt after Alexander's death in 323 BC. All people wanted to have children and they would pray to their gods and goddesses so that they could have more children. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Men and women both tended to marry young, and most marriages were polygamouswith the husband having several wives. Erosion Facts (definition, causes and types), Ancient Egyptian Government Facts For Kids. Divorce usually only happened if the husband mistreated his wife.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'savvyleo_com-box-4','ezslot_3',105,'0','0'])); In the case of divorce, the woman would be given the children. One thing that surprised me was that women were able to own land, participate in business, and represent themselves in court. The man was usually get married between the ages of 16 and 20, or as soon as he chooses potential craft with the aim to earn money for his family. If both parents passed away, then the boys of the family would inherit the land. Pharaohs likely would not have the monetary problem that others would have. This week, I decided to do a little further research about what daily life in ancient Egypt was like. 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