Contact your cancer care team right away if you have any of the following symptoms during chemo treatment: Ask your cancer care team if there are any other problems they should know about right away. Firstly, a single drug like gemcitabine or cisplatin are options if patients have a poor general condition. If you are having a single drug, you may not have as many side effects as someone having a combination of drugs. Side effects of chemotherapy drugs can be significant. However, while it destroys cancer cells, it can also have adverse effects. Mental. Doctors sometimes call this cancer-related cognitive changes (CRCC) but it is sometimes known as chemo brain. Your cancer doctor or specialist nurse can explain any possible late effects of your chemotherapy treatment. Chemotherapy side effects can occur at the time of treatment, after treatment or even sometimes before treatment (such as anticipatory nausea and vomiting, a learned response caused by previous associations between treatment conditions and subsequent reactions). Find Support Programs and Services in Your Area, Making Strides Against Breast Cancer Walks, Common Questions About the COVID-19 Outbreak. Doctors try to give chemo at levels high enough to treat cancer, while keeping side effects at a minimum. Rarely, your sense of balance may be affected. Our team is made up of doctors and oncology certified nurses with deep knowledge of cancer care as well as journalists, editors, and translators with extensive experience in medical writing. Here are some common chemotherapy side effects to keep in mind, plus what you can do to make the chemo experience a little less awful. Some chemotherapy drugs can make you feel sick (nauseous), or be sick (vomit). Some chemotherapy drugs, anti-sickness drugs and painkillers can cause constipation. Damage to your stomach and intestinal lining can also cause nausea and vomiting. Other Side Effects. Some chemotherapy drugs can make your mouth sore and you may get mouth ulcers about 5 to 10 days after they are given. Chemotherapy can cause different mouth problems, such as a sore mouth, mouth ulcers or infection. Ask your doctors if and when it might be OK to start taking vitamins after treatment. If your doctor has not told you to take vitamins, it’s best not to take any. For some people side effects can last longer or may develop months or years after chemotherapy has finished. When chemotherapy drugs attack cancer cells, the result is an improved standard of life. Cardiac Concerns . Learn how doctors use it and what to expect. The side effects you get will depend on the chemotherapy drugs you are having. These interactions may make side effects worse and affect how well chemo drugs work. You will probably have a full head of hair after 3 to 6 months. Some side effects from chemotherapy may not show up for many months or years. Some chemotherapy drugs cause all or most of your hair to fall out, which can be very upsetting. your temperature goes over 37.5°C (99.5°F), you suddenly feel unwell, even with a normal temperature. © Macmillan Cancer Support, registered charity in England and Wales (261017), Scotland (SC039907) and the Isle of Man (604). The dose of the chemotherapy drug may need to be changed if it gets worse. Different people react to chemotherapy differently. … It is important to tell your doctor if this happens. Mouth, tongue, and throat problems such as sores and pain with swallowing, Peripheral neuropathy or other nerve problems, such as numbness, tingling, and pain, Skin and nail changes such as dry skin and color change, Urine and bladder changes and kidney problems, Chemo brain, which can affect concentration and focus. At the American Cancer Society, we’re on a mission to free the world from cancer. Most chemotherapy side effects go away shortly after you've finished chemotherapy. Keep snacks such as nuts or dried fruit handy to eat whenever you can. Cancer treatments and cancer can cause side effects. Different people react to chemotherapy differently. It can help to talk through any concerns about your sex life with your doctor or specialist nurse. Many people want to take an active role in improving their overall health. For some people, chemotherapy can cause long term changes in the body months or years after treatment. It is important to try to eat well during your treatment. While side effects can be unpleasant, they must be weighed against the need to kill the cancer cells. The side effects of chemotherapy vary in length and severity from individual to individual. Your digestive system (stomach and bowels) can be affected in different ways by chemotherapy. It is also important to try to talk about how you feel with your partner. Ask your doctor about the side effects of the particular drugs you'll receive. Your doctor or nurse can give you more information about blood clots. Chemotherapy can cause cardiac effects early in treatment, but in some cases, the effects may not show up until much later. These symptoms happen because the red blood cells contain haemoglobin, which carries oxygen around the body. They may be able to prescribe medicines that can help with some of these effects. tiny red or purple spots on the skin (petechiae) that sometimes cluster to make a rash. It might be brief or last a long time. Chlorine in swimming pool water can make this worse. Still, many people have no long-term problems from chemo. Cancer cells tend to grow fast, and chemo drugs kill fast-growing cells. Knowing what to expect gives you time to prepare and find ways of coping with hair changes. These also cause side effects. If you are sick (vomit) when you take tablets, your doctor can prescribe injections or suppositories to take until the sickness is controlled. The normal cells most likely to be damaged by chemo are: Some chemo drugs can damage cells in the heart, kidneys, bladder, lungs, and nervous system. Certain types of chemotherapy often have specific side effects. Some drugs may cause: Some chemotherapy drugs can increase the risk of heart or lung problems later in life. Cancer patients, especially cancer patients who are receiving chemotherapy, have a much higher risk of DVT than other people. Common side effects that occur in more than 30 percent of patients on Taxol include low white and red blood cell counts and platelet counts (which can cause bruising and anemia and put you at higher risk for infections), mild nausea and vomiting, diarrhea and temporary joint and muscle pain. Learn more about some of the most common chemotherapy side effects by clicking on the links below: … Available Every Minute of Every Day. Your doctor can give you an idea of the side effects you're likely to have. Feeling low or anxious can also affect your sex life. People having high doses of chemotherapy may have more complex side effects. Always let your doctor or chemotherapy nurse know if you have mouth ulcers, or any problems with your mouth. There are some things to be aware of: Some people may have late effects from chemotherapy. Chemotherapy causes various side effects based on which cells are being attacked. There are very effective treatments to prevent and control sickness. The nurses may ask you to drink plenty of fluids. Your nurse will go over this information with you and tell you which side effects you may have. Speak up about any problems you have. Imagine a world free from cancer. If the number of platelets in your blood is reduced, you may notice you bruise easily or bleed more than usual from minor cuts or grazes. It … Some drugs can affect your skin. You may feel too tired, feel sick or be in pain. Headaches, muscle pain, stomach pain, and other discomfort are another common side effect of chemotherapy. Eine Chemotherapie kann unter kurativen, adjuvanten oder palliativen Gesichtspunkten durchgeführt werden. Damage to healthy cells causes side effects. Some chemotherapy drugs can cause painful side effects, such as aching in the muscles and joints, headaches and stomach pains. You may be given fluids through a drip (infusion) before and after the treatment. You can also ask to see a dietitian. Usually, peripheral neuropathy gradually gets better when chemotherapy is over, but sometimes it is permanent. You can add extra energy and protein to your diet with everyday foods or by using food supplements. Or you may have injections called G-CSF to encourage your bone marrow make more white cells. Become a volunteer, make a tax-deductible donation, or participate in a fundraising event to help us save lives. Pittsburgh, PA: Oncology Nursing Society; 2019:61-90. The side effects usually get better after your treatment finishes. Bone marrow is a spongy material that is found in the middle of your bones. Whether you or someone you love has cancer, knowing what to expect can help you cope. Try to eat more fibre (cereals, raw vegetables and fruits) and drink plenty of liquid. Gentle exercise, such as short walks, can help to improve constipation. They often hear about how terrible chemotherapy side effects are and how sick you can feel. Chemotherapy can be an effective way of treating cancer. Your nurse can give you more advice. Some chemotherapy drugs can affect how well your kidneys work (kidney function). Umgangssprachlich (auch als Chemo bezeichnet) ist meistens die zytostatische Behandlung von Krebs gemeint. Dosage of chemotherapy can be difficult: If the dose is too low, it will be ineffective against the tumor, whereas, at excessive doses, the toxicity (side-effects) will be intolerable to the person receiving it.The standard method of determining chemotherapy dosage is based on calculated body surface area (BSA). Your health care team can treat and/or talk with you about ways to reduce these side effects, so you feel better. Anderson MK, Matey L. Overview of cancer and cancer treatment. Tinnitus usually improves when treatment ends. Dental treatment may need to be delayed during chemotherapy because of the risk of infection and a sore mouth. Some people still feel tired after a year or more. You might notice your hair becomes dry and brittle and breaks easily. But if you have low platelets or a low level of white blood cells, your doctor may advise you to avoid penetrative sex until your blood cell levels improve. platelets, which help the blood to clot and prevent bleeding and bruising. The hardest time may be towards the end of the course of chemotherapy. Find the nearest Macmillan information and support centre, Coronavirus (COVID-19) guidance for people with cancer, Coronavirus guidance if you have recovered from cancer, Shielding – Taking care of yourself at home, Self-isolation advice during the coronavirus outbreak, The latest updates to Macmillan's services, Coronavirus vaccine for people living with cancer, Coronavirus guidance for people worried they have cancer, Coronavirus information for healthcare professionals, white blood cells, which fight and prevent, red blood cells, which carry oxygen to all parts of the body. All so you can live longer — and better. Practicing healthy eating habits throughout cancer treatment is essential. Tell your nurse or doctor if this happens, so they can prescribe drugs to prevent or treat it. This is to make sure you get treatment with antibiotics straight away to prevent any complications.Always contact the hospital on the 24-hour contact numbers you have been given and speak to a nurse or doctor if: Your chemotherapy nurse will talk to you about infection and show you how to check your temperature. You can help reduce your risk of cancer by making healthy choices like eating right, staying active and not smoking. Chemotherapy should not have a long-term effect on your sex life. One notable example is heart damage following treatment with Adriamycin (doxorubicin).With this drug, a possible long-term side effect is weakening of the heart muscle, resulting in a decreased ability to pump blood through the body (heart failure). Taking aspirin or other related drugs can also weaken blood platelets. The side effects of chemotherapy vary in length and severity from individual to individual. Get ready for possible side effects of chemotherapy. But each person’s experience is different. Chemotherapy and radiation are two of the most effective treatments for cancer. We’ve created a new account area offering personalised cancer information and support. Not at all! Some drugs do not make your hair fall out, but can make it thinner. Try to drink 2 litres (3½ pints) a day. To begin with, you should try to look after the condition of your hair. Here are some of the more common side effects caused by chemotherapy: Fatigue; Hair loss; Easy bruising and bleeding; Infection; Anemia (low red blood cell counts) Nausea and vomiting; Appetite changes; Constipation Chemotherapy side effects can occur at the time of treatment, after treatment or even sometimes before treatment (such as anticipatory nausea and vomiting, a learned response caused by previous associations between treatment conditions and subsequent reactions). Make sure you drink plenty of liquid to replace the fluid you are losing with diarrhoea. Developing an infection when you have a low number of white blood cells can sometimes be a serious complication of chemotherapy. More research is needed, but until more is known about the effects of vitamins on chemo, keep these points in mind: Because your cancer care team will give you lots of information about side effects, you might be more aware of physical changes. It’s also important to follow recommended screening guidelines, which can help detect certain cancers early. Some chemo drugs cause long-term side effects, like heart or nerve damage or fertility problems. We have more information about: Chemotherapy can reduce the number of blood cells made by the bone marrow. Your donations make it happen. The most common side effects of chemotherapy are: Hair loss; Mouth sores; Nausea; Vomiting; Loss of appetite; Diarrhea; Being prone to infections due to low white blood cells; Fatigue due to low red blood cell count ; Bleeding or bruising as a result of low platelet count. Your doctor may give you medicines to help prevent certain side effects before they happen. Sometimes doctors may prescribe a drug called erythropoietin for anaemia. Common side effects include hair loss, nausea and confusion. Some chemotherapy drugs also make the eyelashes and eyebrows fall out. We help people get through cancer. It shows as white spots on your mouth and tongue, or your tongue and mouth lining become red and swollen. Tell your doctor about all the side effects you notice. Make sure you know how to reach someone on your team any time, including after hours, weekends, and holidays. Tell your hospital doctor or nurse about this and contact them straight away if you have: Some people may need a platelet transfusion. Chemotherapy may also increase your odds of having heart problems, such as: Weakening of the … Hair loss usually starts within a few weeks of starting chemotherapy or, very occasionally, within a few days. The Cancer Society has an information sheet, Coping with the Side Effects of Chemotherapy and Radiation Treatment: Fever, nausea (feeling sick), which is available on our website. Again, the key is to give enough chemo to kill the cancer cells without causing other serious problems. But some vitamins might make chemo less effective. Nausea and vomiting. When looking at how best to combine chemo drugs, doctors must look at interactions between chemo drugs and other medicines the person is taking, including over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and supplements. Side effects of chemotherapy will depend mainly on the type of drug, the dose, how it’s given and your overall health. Low-dose chemo: effective and with few side effects. It can be very frustrating and difficult to cope with, especially for people who normally have a lot of energy. These are called late effects. This isn’t a problem for healthy people with normal platelet counts, but if a person has low platelet counts from chemo, this combination might put them at risk of a serious bleeding problem. American Cancer Society medical information is copyrighted material. Your doctor can talk with you about the safety of using other medicines, vitamins, and supplements while you are being treated for cancer. They want to help their body’s natural defenses fight the cancer and speed up their recovery from chemo. Your body's ability to absorb nutrients from food and get rid of waste might be affected. Medications can prevent some of the more complications. Your doctor may prescribe you antibiotics and other medicines to take during chemotherapy to prevent an infection. Some drugs can make you feel anxious, restless, dizzy, sleepy or have headaches. If you’re concerned about nutrition, you can usually get plenty of vitamins by eating a well-balanced diet. It is a good idea to see your dentist before you start treatment. Eine Chemotherapie kann unter kurativen, adjuvanten oder palliativen Gesichtspunkten durchgeführt werden. Together, we’re making a difference – and you can, too. Chemotherapy can make food taste bitter or metallic, which won’t exactly make you want to sit down to a hearty meal. If you have a poor appetite, try to eat little amounts as often as possible. Possible Chemotherapy Side Effects. They also may be able to suggest ways to reduce any pain and discomfort you have. Learn about the symptoms of DVT and how to lower your risk. Fortunately, there are some things you can do to manage or potentially lessen some of the side effects of chemotherapy. Side effects that occur during chemotherapy treatment. Chemotherapy can cause cardiac effects early in treatment, but in some cases, the effects may not show up until much later. Urgent side effects. There are things you can do to help improve your general health. You may lose underarm, body and pubic hair as well. You may have hearing tests before, during and after treatment with some chemotherapy drugs. Taxol is the brand name for the chemotherapy drug paclitaxel, and is typically used to treat breast, prostate, ovarian and lung cancers and Kaposi's sarcoma, according to the American Cancer Society 1.The drug is classified as a plant alkaloid or taxane drug, and may cause a multitude of side effects. antimikrobielle Chemotherapie). Not all drugs cause sickness and many people have no sickness at all. After this, you will have more energy and feel less short of breath. Side effects are problems that occur when treatment affects healthy tissues or organs. Mouth ulcers can become infected or you may develop an infection in your mouth. Our team of expert journalists brings you all angles of the cancer story – from breaking news and survivor stories to in-depth insights into cutting-edge research. If you have a low number of white blood cells, you are more likely to get an infection. Your nurse will write in the type of chemotherapy you received and the day you received it on the lines below: You received _____ on _____. There may be times, though, when serious side effects require adjusting the chemo plan (dose and/or schedule) to allow you time to recover. Chemotherapy Treatment Side effects For Bladder Cancer. As well as killing cancer cells, chemotherapy can damage some healthy cells in your body, such as blood cells, skin cells and cells in the stomach. When you hear the word chemo, what are the first side effects that come to mind? Tell your nurse or doctor if this happens. You may notice white lines across your nails, or other changes to their shape or colour. Around 650,000 Americans will receive outpatient chemotherapy each year, according to the CDC, and for some of those patients, the side effects are so bad the chemotherapy has to stop. Umgangssprachlich (auch als Chemo bezeichnet) ist meistens die zytostatische Behandlung von Krebs gemeint. We can even find you a free ride to treatment or a free place to stay when treatment is far from home. Side effects are not always as bad as you might expect, but it's normal to worry about this part of cancer treatment. Sex drive usually returns soon after treatment ends. After treatment, make sure to see your GP for regular health checks. Thrush is treated with anti-fungal tablets. The negative side effects, however, are caused when healthy cells are attacked. Tiredness (fatigue) is one of the most common side effects of chemotherapy. February 22, 2019 2 Mins Read. They can prescribe medicine to help. Sometimes, diarrhoea can be more severe. How Is Chemotherapy Used to Treat Cancer? The most commonly known ones are hair loss and nausea with vomiting. It is very important to take the drugs exactly as instructed. Your chemotherapy nurse will explain how to look after your mouth to reduce the risk of problems. Some chemotherapy drugs can increase the risk of developing some types of cancer or leukaemia later in life. VAT no: 668265007. Each drug has different side effects, and not every drug causes every side effect. You may be able to change your medicine or treatment schedule. Tax ID Number: 13-1788491. Late effects are not common, and any risk is outweighed by the benefits of chemotherapy. In Olsen MM, LeFebvre KB, Brassil KJ, eds. Find out about support groups, where to get information and how to get involved with. Practicing healthy eating habits throughout cancer treatment is essential. The side effects can be unpleasant, but the benefits of chemotherapy usually outweigh this. Different drugs cause different side effects. Learn about the symptoms of DVT and how to lower your risk. Many people having treatment feel tired a lot of the time or get tired very easily doing everyday tasks. Many chemo drugs lower the number of platelets for a time. People often become discouraged about how long their treatment lasts or the side effects they have. Sometimes, you can take medicines with the chemo to help protect your body’s normal cells. For some people side effects can last longer or may develop months or years after chemotherapy has finished. Olsen MM, Naseman RW. Help make it a reality. Different drugs cause different late effects. Call the hospital's 24-hour helpline straight away if you have symptoms. Learn about the types of side effects that immunotherapy might cause and where to go for more information. What does it take to outsmart cancer? What many people don't realize is that these days, many people do not suffer as many side effects. The most common side effects of chemotherapy are: Hair loss; Mouth sores; Nausea; Vomiting; Loss of appetite; Diarrhea; Being prone to infections due to low white blood cells; Fatigue due to low red blood cell count ; Bleeding or bruising as a result of low platelet count. 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